When discussing CBD as a solution for hyperactivity, we’re not talking about medication or sedation, in fact, CBD is not a medication. Dogs and cats can become hyperactive throughout their lives. Hyperactivity is a psychological disorder characterized by compromised focus — which is where CBD can help. Is your dog hyperactive? You may want to try the best CBD pet products to help calm down your furry friend.
Is CBD oil a good solution for hyper dogs?
If using CBD to treat a hyper dog was about dosing them into a sedated slumber, nobody would dream of doing it.
When discussing CBD as a solution for hyperactivity, we’re not talking about medication or sedation—in fact, CBD is not a medication in the traditional sense at all.
Cannabidiol (CBD) is a natural, non-toxic, and non-psychoactive concentrate made from the hemp, not marijuana, plant. This means that concepts of being high or stoned are irrelevant when it comes to CBD.
Instead, owners of dogs with hyperactivity issues are turning to CBD oil for dogs for its ability to reduce inflammation and anxiety, without affecting a dog’s subjective experience.
Let’s take a look at the root causes of canine hyperactivity, and why CBD makes such a good component of a treatment plan.
Why is my dog hyperactive?
Apparently, true hyperactivity in dogs is a rare disorder. Chronic hyperactivity—or hyperkinesis as it’s clinically known—is a little diagnosed though possible canine condition, which can present with the same types of distractedness and energy bursts as found in hyper dogs.
Hyperkinesis isn’t a psychological or training issue but instead stems from biological markers such as constant high heart rate, salivation, super high energy metabolism, rapid breathing, and suppressed urination.
But it goes without saying that there’s a lot of dogs with a lot of energy out there, who aren’t hyperkinetic. Talk to any owner, and it’s a good bet that, at some point in their dog’s life, they’ve had to deal with over-distractedness, impulsiveness, fidgeting, or an inability to listen to commands.
So, where is all this non-hyperkinetic hyperactivity coming from?
Take a look at the dogs that most often present with hyperactivity, and it’s no surprise that you’ll find breeds literally designed to work and run all day long.
Pointers and retrievers are notorious for being hyperactive dogs, but we need to be careful when distinguishing what counts as excess excitement and energy—as these animals naturally thrive on constant physical stimulation (i.e. finding or retrieving things).
The same goes for terriers, shepherds, and even poodles: what can look like hyperactivity in an urban context suddenly becomes exactly the right level of energy in a rural or working environment.
Of course, most owners are well aware of this. They substitute a dog’s preferred daily work with walks, games, and dog-park playtime. But, before making any firm judgments about your pup’s hyper-activeness, it’s always worth upping their daily exercise (ensuring it’s the right type of workout for their breed), and seeing if it helps their behavior.
Lack of stimulation/socialization
Nurture is as relevant as Nature when it comes to excess energy in dogs, especially in early years training and development.
The behavioral damage of premature removal from a litter can be irreversible, with a body of research dating back to the 1960s confirming that excessive social contact behavior can dramatically rise when puppies are raised in semi-isolation (from both humans and other dogs.)
At the same time, it’s important to vary your dog’s opportunities for stimulation and socialization—at all ages. Switch up play dates, games, and walking routes to keep their mind actively engaged and present.
Dogs may react with a lot of energy and enthusiasm upon first encountering something, be it another dog, the first time they meet children, or a new type of animal. After getting used to novel stimuli, however, most dogs will quickly acclimatize and then may barely register it.
Although anxiety can inhibit action in humans and dogs, many pups express their nervousness in ways that mimic symptoms of hyperactivity. Among other behaviors, anxious dogs are liable to bark excessively, pant, destroy things, and be aggressive.
Most dogs enjoy lots of exercise and social contact, stable habits and routines, and clear expectations and commands. Without these things, the risk of anxiety increases, either in a generalized form or as the result of fixating on particular triggers—such as when everybody leaves for work in the morning.
Of course, you might have a case of all three, with each aspect feeding into a nightmare of endless walks and games of fetch!
What makes CBD a good solution?
Some dogs are exercised to the point of exhaustion, given plentiful mental and social stimulation, well-trained, and carefully observed for signs of anxiety—and yet they keep bouncing off the walls!
This is when things really start to get difficult for owners. It can feel overwhelming to have tried every method in the book and still find your four-legged-friend ready for more.
Strategies at this point include crate training, time-outs, solidifying household routines, and even mobile doggy gyms, such as this entertaining project out of Arizona, where hot weather impedes midday walking.
For us, CBD offers a solution that stands above these other options, thanks to its safety, consistency, and its ability to boost other tried-and-tested calming measures—not to mention its more general wellness benefits.
CBD is short for cannabidiol, which is one of many cannabinoids discovered in the cannabis plant. Cannabinoids are the natural equivalent of biological ‘endocannabinoids,’ which are produced by the body and used by the endocannabinoid system to affect the function of major organs and internal systems.
While a relatively newly-discovered bodily system, we know that it affects almost every area of the body—organs, bones, muscles, blood vessels, etc. We also know that the main function of endocannabinoids is to stimulate responses to inflammation and distress, keeping homeostasis as the body reacts to changes in the outside environment.
According to UCLA Health, the endocannabinoid system is able to produce these beneficial effects in processes relating to “pain, memory, mood, appetite, stress, sleep, metabolism, immune function, and reproductive function.”
Cannabinoids, and particularly CBD, are able to effectively activate the endocannabinoid system and induce the same de-inflammatory and anxiety-reducing processes on demand.
How does this help dogs with hyperactivity? Studies indicate that CBD’s effect on the endocannabinoid system increases the potency of endogenous elements such as anandamide, an endocannabinoid that acts as a regulator of inflammation, mental motivation, and pleasure/reward cycles.
Boosting endocannabinoids such as anandamide bolsters your dog’s ability to process and manage their energy, contributing to a more stable and relaxed daily state of being. On their own, CBD and the endocannabinoid system are unlikely to solve canine hyperactivity. But they’re a great way to boost the effectiveness of other training methods and wider lifestyle changes.
Perhaps even more interestingly, a 2013 review in the journal Cell Metabolism discusses, cannabinoids may be able to affect glucose tolerance, as well as energy and metabolic regulation—providing a direct way of managing sudden energy bursts.
NOT a sedative
We mentioned it up top, but it’s worth repeating here: CBD oil is not a sedative, so using it on dogs with lots of excess energy isn’t going to knock them out—nor should you want it to.
The theory here is that dogs who are hyperactive (but aren’t suffering from hyperkinesis) will benefit from CBD’s ability to increase homeostasis in the body, reducing internal inflammation.
While this process isn’t intoxicating, anyone who’s tried CBD for themselves can attest to a sensation of relaxation, a little like having a massage, a glass of wine after work, or the feeling after a really good yoga class.
In this way, using CBD to build a more relaxed foundation gives your dog a better opportunity to begin learning those behaviors that can help mitigate their hyperactivity. A more relaxed dog should be more susceptible to training through treats, crates, habits, and responsible socialization—all things that help instill a healthy level of discipline.
True hyperactivity in dogs stems from a physiological condition called hyperkinesis, which is thought to be pretty rare.
In fact, many dog’s supremely high energy levels are the result of careful breeding for specific tasks and activities.
The pressures, sedentariness, and isolation of urban life can all cause dogs to become hyperactive.
When hyperactivity is caused by environmental factors, CBD’s ability to boost a dog’s endocannabinoid system makes it a highly effective treatment.
Even though CBD is able to calm hyperactive dogs, it is not a sedative in the manner of traditional drugs.
CBD For Hyper Dogs: Can Hemp Oil Calm Hyper Dogs?
Hyperactivity is a psychological condition that is characterized by short attention spans, lack of self-control, and frantic activity.
Dogs and cats can become hyperactive throughout their lives for a variety of reasons.
Hyperactivity demonstrates visible symptoms, including panting, salivation, rapid heart rate, abnormal urination, and the inability to adapt to the current surroundings.
Veterinarians often prescribe stimulants for hyperactive dogs, including medications such as d-amphetamine or methylphenidate to calm their nervous system down. However, these medications can have dangerous side effects on your dogs.
Parents of hyper dogs are looking for natural alternatives to treat their condition. A survey conducted in 2016 showed that pet owners often use CBD in their furry friends due to the wide range of health benefits it offers.
CBD can reduce anxiety, improve focus, and modulate the activity of the nervous system — contributing to relief from common symptoms of hyperactivity.
Since all mammals have the same endocannabinoid system, it’s within reason to assume that you can successfully use CBD for hyper dogs.
In this article, we’ll cover the subject from top to bottom.
How to Tell That You Have A Hyper Dog
Hyperactivity is another term for hyperkinesis, a canine condition that involves frantic activity, panting, rapid heart rate, drooling, impulsive behavior, infrequent urination, and behavioral problems.
A 1993 study on hyper dogs concluded that the condition is a rather normal behavior in specific breeds; it can also be conditioned by the owner, but according to the authors, it’s not a physiological condition.
The study mentions dopamine, serotonin, and norepinephrine as the main neurotransmitters in the brain involved in hyperactivity.
Hyper dogs manifest attention issues or difficulty remaining in the zone. Vets typically recommend stimulant drugs to tackle these problems in canines.
However, such medications are considered dangerous for dogs by health organizations like the American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty in Animals (ASPCA).
The side effects caused by stimulants in hyper dogs include elevated blood pressure, high body temperature, increased heart rate, and overall activity.
The above risks have made many dog parents turn to holistic remedies such as CBD oil.
CBD for Hyper Dogs: Highlights
There are over 400 active compounds in cannabis plants, of which 115 have been classified as cannabinoids. CBD and THC are the two most abundant cannabinoids. They produce most of the therapeutic benefits of cannabis.
THC is the major intoxicating compound and shouldn’t be given to dogs because it may result in toxicity.
On the other hand, CBD is a non-intoxicant, so it won’t get your dog high — but it will still deliver many health benefits.
In a 2016 survey, the majority of owners admitted they support CBD because it improved their pets’ health on many levels, including health conditions such as anxiety, pain, inflammation, and insomnia. Dogs with anxiety disorders are also more prone to suffer from hyperactivity.
According to the American Kennel Club, canine anxiety is often followed by symptoms such as pacing, barking, aggression, restlessness, compulsivity, and destructive behavior.
These are similar symptoms to hyperactivity in dogs.
CBD has been found to exert calming effects on the brain in many animal and human studies regarding anxiety disorders. Although researchers have yet to fully understand the mechanism of action and effective dosages, they believe that CBD offers the same level of relief as conventional medicines.
The anti-anxiety effects of CBD stem from its interaction with the endocannabinoid system (ECS), which is the major regulatory network in all mammals. It responds to CBD and other cannabinoids, producing a wide range of positive reactions, including reduced anxiety.
Can You Give CBD Oil to Hyper Dogs?
You can give your hyper dog CBD to modulate their ECS. The ECS has its own neurotransmitters called endocannabinoids, enzymes, and two types of receptors (CB1 and CB2).
Research shows that dogs and humans share many of the same disorders and diseases. Scientists can use them for reference to get a more in-depth look into the underlying causes behind these conditions.
These studies show that similar to humans, dogs can benefit from the therapeutic properties of specific cannabinoids such as CBD because their ECS performs similar functions.
A 2019 study elaborated on this concept, concluding that dogs have higher levels of CB1 receptors in their brains than humans do.
Studies on CB1 receptors in humans were launched as early as the 1990s and touched on the effects of CBD on anxiety. Researchers found that a dose o 300 mg of pure CBD was able to reduce anxiety in participants. They also said these effects were nearly as potent as those of benzodiazepines such as Valium.
In one study published by the Neurochemical Research Journal, CBD was shown to inhibit the reuptake of serotonin, making the hormone more available for the body. Serotonin regulates many processes that are linked to feelings of calm, well-being, and happiness.
Since dogs have more CB1 receptors in their brains, it’s perfectly possible that CBD oil can provide similar benefits for anxiety in dogs and hyperactivity to the ones observed in humans.
Pros & Cons of Using CBD for Hyper Dogs
- CBD demonstrated remarkable anxiolytic properties in human studies. Since all mammals share similar endocannabinoid systems, hyperactive dogs could also benefit from such supplementation.
- Animal studies showed that CBD can alleviate anxiety in dogs through a series of mechanisms that help it prevent hyperactivity.
- CBD is well-tolerated by dogs in doses ranging from 2 to 2.5 mg/kg, according to the Journal of American Holistic Veterinary Medical Association (JAHVMA).
- CBD comes in many different forms, including oils, capsules, pet treats, and topical products.
- The FDA hasn’t received any direct reports about the dangerous effects of CBD in animals.
- Studies on using CBD for hyper dogs are inconclusive. Researchers haven’t yet fully understood the long-term effects of CBD.
- Although safe and well-tolerated, CBD still has a few side effects, including dry mouth, drowsiness, changes in appetite, and low blood pressure.
- CBD can compromise the liver’s ability to metabolize drugs, resulting in negative interactions with many medications.
- The FDA doesn’t support the use of cannabis products in animals.
CBD vs Other Natural Treatments for Hyper Dogs
When it comes to hyper dogs, herbal products are the top choice of dog parents.
You can try to add the following herbs to your dog’s routine:
- Lemon balm
These herbs are useful in separation anxiety in dogs that go through severe stress. You can give them to your dog in the form of teas or essential oils. In a similar way, CBD can be added to edibles and beverages. Dog parents also report that CBD oil in their humidifiers helps promote calming vibes at home so their dogs can feel relaxed.
Last but not least, CBD regulates GABA levels in the brain so that the nervous system can slow down by balancing certain chemical messengers. In a similar manner, CBD can increase the availability of serotonin for the brain, further reducing anxiety and stabilizing mood.
How to Choose CBD Oil for Hyper Dogs
There are three main types of CBD products based on their cannabinoid spectrum — full-spectrum CBD, broad-spectrum CBD, and CBD isolate.
Full-spectrum CBD is sourced from the whole plant and contains all of the naturally occurring compounds from hemp. It also comes with essential fatty acids, which act as anti-inflammatory agents when you consume them.
That being said, full-spectrum CBD also contains trace amounts of THC (0.3% or less). THC is an intoxicating cannabinoid that can cause a high in your dog. The good news is that full-spectrum CBD doesn’t contain enough CBD to get your dog buzzed.
Still, some dog owners choose to avoid full-spectrum products.
Broad-spectrum CBD oil is similar to its full-spectrum counterpart, except for the THC content. THC has been removed during the later stages of extraction. This way, your dog can benefit from the whole-plant synergy — but without any THC in the product.
You can also purchase CBD oil, which contains CBD isolate. Such products have no odor and flavor and offer the highest dose of CBD per serving. However, since they don’t contain other cannabinoids and terpenes, they don’t leverage the entourage effect in cannabis.
Things to Consider when Choosing a CBD Product for a Hyper Dog
- Ask for certificates of analysis (COA) to confirm the product’s CBD content and purity. These certificates will tell you if the product is free of contaminants like solvents, heavy metals, and pesticides. If a company doesn’t publish lab reports on its website, you should change your potential vendor.
- CBD oil is the most common CBD format — and for a good reason. Many veterinarians recommend this form of CBD due to its relatively easy application and dosage accuracy. Dog parents should follow the dosing instructions outlined by the vet to avoid potential side effects.
- The best CBD oils for hyper dogs are made from organically grown hemp. They also contain natural additives, such as calming herbs or essential oils. Avoid any dog treats with synthetic flavorings, colorings, wheat, and preservatives, as they can be dangerous for your dog’s digestive health.
- Only purchase from reputable manufacturers that provide certificates of analysis and have many positive reviews on social media.
- Consult a holistic veterinarian if you need professional advice regarding the purchase and use of CBD for a hyper dog.
CBD Dosage for Hyper Dogs
The FDA hasn’t yet investigated the efficacy and safety of CBD in animal health conditions, so there are no specific dosage charts or recommendations.
Veterinarians often analyze past studies on dogs that took CBD for anxiety and the symptoms of hyperkinesis. In a 2019 clinical trial, epileptic dogs benefited from a CBD dose of 2.5 mg/kg administered twice a day for 12 weeks — without any dangerous side effects.
However, this study was conducted on dogs with a different medical problem. Hyper dogs may need different doses depending on the severity and frequency of their symptoms.
A good rule of thumb is to start low and gradually increase the dosage until you observe a positive change in your dog’s behavior. Veterinarians recommend starting out with 0.5–1 mg of CBD per 10 pounds of the dog’s weight.
What CBD Products Are Best for Hyper Dogs?
The choice of the best CBD product for a hyper dog boils down to how your dog prefers to take CBD. Dog owners can choose between two product types:
In the ideal world, your dog should lick the content of CBD oil through the syringe, allowing it to absorb in the mouth and work its way to its endocannabinoid system.
CBD oil for dogs comes in glass bottles with droppers that allow the owner to accurately measure out the dose of CBD and place it under the dog’s tongue. Giving your dog CBD oil this way avoids the first-pass metabolism in the liver, ensuring faster-acting effects and higher bioavailability than other forms of CBD for hyper dogs.
Alas, we don’t live in a perfect world, so if your dog fusses over CBD oil, you may want to give them some treats instead.
CBD dog treats are just hemp edibles for pets, which is perhaps the most enjoyable way to consume CBD by hyper dogs. These treats are made into very appealing shapes — usually resembling a bone — and flavors such as bacon, cheese, or peanut butter.
Although CBD treats take more time to produce their effects and offer lower bioavailability than oils, these effects can last longer — up to 10 hours.
Just make sure that your CBD dog treats contain only biologically appropriate ingredients.
How to Calm A Hyper Dog
Some people are very quick at describing their dogs as hyperactive, while in fact, hyperactivity in dogs is a rare condition, at least according to the book Clinical Behavioral Medicine for Small Animals.
Dogs with high energy levels require a greater amount of physical and behavioral exercise. They also need more social attention on a regular basis. Some breeds are more prone to be hyperactive than others, but most of the time, your dog’s behavioral problems may be caused by an insufficient amount of physical activity.
Other physical reasons include a poor diet, lack of stimulation, or genetic burden.
Here are a few steps you can take to naturally calm a hyper dog.
Provide Enough Exercise
This should be your top mark to tick off on your priority list. The dog should always receive a sufficient amount of exercise throughout the day, especially if you own a high-drive breed with a hunting or sporting heritage. Such dogs may even need a special workout plan.
Although there’s no universal pattern for dog workouts, dogs that are stimulated throughout the day can rest more efficiently by the end of the day. Playing games that require the dog to stay focused can release some of the excess energy.
If your dog likes running, your exercises can revolve around this kind of activity. Besides, it’s an excellent way of burning energy. You can also add different rules to the game to make it more mentally demanding.
You may also consider getting your dog involved in sports such as lure or agility coursing, which should keep hyperactivity at bay by keeping your buddy exhausted.
Keep Their Brain Occupied
Mental exercises are as important as physical ones when it comes to hyper dogs. In fact, they can be even more engaging than physical training.
Most dogs have high energy levels, especially when they’re in the puppy stage. However, certain breeds may require more mental exercise to get them tired.
Shaping games or teaching your dog tricks that require focus are a great way to manage its hyperactivity.
The simplest way of engaging your dog’s brain is to use games that tap into their senses. Make the dog sniff around by hiding his favorite snacks all over the house. You can also try puzzle games and rewarding the dog with food for winning. This way, you will condition his brain to think that making an effort is something positive.
Work on Their Behavior
Destructive behavior and restlessness are signs that your dog is seeking attention, which can be wrongfully taken as hyperactivity. In fact, these behaviors may simply mean that you haven’t trained your dog.
Teaching your dog the right behaviors through behavioral conditioning can improve their social capabilities and help them achieve their goals the right way. Working with a trainer also helps to manage their sensitivity to external stimuli, which is also a common symptom among hyper dogs.
Feed Them the High-Quality Food
While you may be tempted to purchase bulk bags of affordable dry dog food at your local store, keep in mind that doing so will take a toll on your dog’s physical and mental health. Dogs aren’t machines; they require high-quality biologically appropriate food that will support proper communication between neurotransmitters — it works the same way with all mammals.
Most cheap dog foods are usually filled with unnecessary ingredients, such as wheat, sugar, colorings, preservatives, and byproducts. It’s nothing but fast food for pets. Ask your veterinarian about a BARF diet, as it has been recently shown to be beneficial for canines in terms of the long-term effects on their health.
Feeding a dog low-quality food can deteriorate their hyperactivity, so make sure that you take care of high-quality ingredients when you buy their food.
Key Takeaways on CBD And Hyper Dogs
Hyperactivity is a mental condition in animals that involves a short attention span, constant frantic activity, and impulsive behavior. Hyper dogs can also experience such symptoms as panting, infrequent urination, rapid heart rate, salivation, and the inability to get used to environmental stimuli.
Researchers claim that hyperactivity isn’t a physiological problem, but it’s rather on the dog parent’s side. Hyper dogs usually show a whole range of other behavioral symptoms that indicate the lack of attention from the parent.
If your dog suffers from hyperactivity, your vet may recommend stimulants to help with symptom control. However, their short-term benefits are outweighed by their side effects, which is why dog parents are turning to natural remedies, such as CBD oi, for hyper dogs.
CBD can aid your dog’s mental health on many levels. Not only does it regulate GABA activity and serotonin levels, but it also modulates cortisol production and promotes a calm state of mind by bolstering your dog’s response to stress. The health benefits of CBD are largely attributed to its interaction with the endocannabinoid system — which works similarly among all mammals.
- Schier AR, Ribeiro NP, Silva AC, et al. Cannabidiol, a Cannabis sativa constituent, as an anxiolytic drug. Braz J Psychiatry. 2012;34 Suppl 1:S104‐S110. doi:10.1590/s1516-44462012000500008
- Luescher, A (June 1993). Hyperkinesis in dogs: Six case reports. Retrieved from: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1686557/pdf/canvetj00367-0050.pdf
- Gamble LJ. et al. op. Cit.
- Kriss, R (2019, May 14). Understanding, Preventing, and Treating Dog Anxiety. Retrieved from: https://www.akc.org/expert-advice/health/treating-dog-anxiety/.
- Gaetani S, Dipasquale P, Romano A, et al. The endocannabinoid system as a target for novel anxiolytic and antidepressant drugs. Int Rev Neurobiol. 2009;85:57‐72. doi:10.1016/S0074-7742(09)85005-8
- Freundt-Revilla J, Kegler K, Baumgärtner W, Tipold A (2017) Spatial distribution of cannabinoid receptor type 1 (CB1) in the normal canine central and peripheral nervous system. PLoS ONE 12(7): e0181064. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0181064
- Silver RJ. The Endocannabinoid System of Animals. Animals (Basel). 2019;9(9):686. Published 2019 Sep 16. doi:10.3390/ani9090686
- Zuardi AW, Cosme RA, Graeff FG, Guimarães FS. Effects of ipsapirone and cannabidiol on human experimental anxiety. J Psychopharmacol. 1993;7(1 Suppl):82‐88. doi:10.1177/026988119300700112
- Russo, E.B., Burnett, A., Hall, B. et al. Agonistic Properties of Cannabidiol at 5-HT1a Receptors. Neurochem Res 30, 1037–1043 (2005). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11064-005-6978-1
- Journal of the American Holistic Veterinary Medical Association (2018. A Report of Adverse Effects Associated With the Administration of Cannabidiol in Healthy Dogs. Retrieved from: https://www.ahvma.org/wp-content/uploads/AHVMA-2018-V52-CannabisAdverseEffects.pdf.
Nina created CFAH.org following the birth of her second child. She was a science and math teacher for 6 years prior to becoming a parent — teaching in schools in White Plains, New York and later in Paterson, New Jersey.
Compare the Best CBD Oil for Hyper Dogs in 2022
Spruce’s dog-friendly CBD has been specially formulated for dogs. Instead of hemp seed oil for the carrier oil, the product contains coconut oil, which is generally easier on the digestion for dogs. The taste is also milder with no flavorings, making it more likely that dogs will eat it with their food.
Using Spruce CBD for dogs is simple. All owners have to do is sprinkle the desired dose on the dog’s food at mealtime once or twice a day. Each dose should consist of about two to three drops per 20 pounds of dog weight.
2. Honest Paws Wellness Oil for Dogs
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3. Nuleaf Naturals Pet CBD Oil
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How CBD Helps Hyper Dogs
Cannabidiol (CBD) , an active constituent of cannabis , is derived from hemp plants (1) .
CBD can interact with the endocannabinoid system (ECS), which is pervasive in mammalian species. Aside from being nearly present in all animals, the ECS also plays an integral role in maintaining homeostasis (2) .
Homeostasis is a process by which biological systems maintain stability while adapting to survive in the face of a changing external environment (3) .
Based on a study in the journal Animals , endogenous and exogenous ECS -related molecules can influence the endocannabinoid system (4) .
Endogenous cannabinoids refer to molecules made by the body, while exogenous cannabinoids refer to ligands derived from plants.
The ECS consists of cannabinoid receptors (CB1 and CB2) (5) . These CB receptors are involved in multiple essential biological processes, including pain, immune function, and anxiety (6) .
Endocannabinoids are produced naturally. However, phytocannabinoids, primarily from Cannabis sativa L., are exogenous plant-based ligands (molecules) that interact with cannabinoid receptors (7) .
Tetrahydrocannabinol ( THC ) is a psychotropic constituent of cannabis responsible for some of its biomedical activity (8) .
Dogs are particularly unique due to the greater concentration of endocannabinoid receptors in their brainstem and cerebellum. These structures control heart rate, muscle coordination, and breathing (9) .
Since dogs have a higher concentration of CB receptors and are relatively smaller than humans, ingesting excessive levels of cannabis containing THC may be detrimental to them (10) .
If you are interested in utilizing medical cannabis to manage your dog’s behavior, you may find non-psychotropic cannabinoids such as CBD more beneficial.
CBD has a similar biomedical activity to THC . However, this compound does not have the side effects of intoxication (11) .
If you are contemplating using CBD oil to manage your dog’s hyperactivity , there is still no conclusive data on the compound’s use. Therefore, it is best to talk with your veterinarian before you administer CBD to your dog.
Note that veterinarians in most states cannot prescribe CBD to pet owners (12) . However, if you are from Nevada, veterinarians are allowed to administer certain cannabis products to their patients (13) .
Benefits of Using CBD on Hyper Dogs
CBD is known for its calming effects (14) . For this reason, you may know some pet owners who swear by its therapeutic benefits on their furry pets.
Generally, problematic behaviors, such as hyperactivity , fearfulness, destructiveness, and aggressiveness, are the reasons for the relinquishment of dogs to shelters (15) .
A study from the Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI) observed the behavioral responses of canines with different origins when learning vocal cues (16) .
The researchers noted that neither the shelter environment nor the shelter dogs’ socially deprived routine affected their capacities to learn vocal cues.
In addition , the researchers observed that shelter dogs were more engaging in sessions than companion dogs.
This phenomenon was possibly due to ontogenetic (origination of an organism) homeostasis processes (17) .
Furthermore, the MDPI study’s outcome showed a connection between the quality of interaction during the dogs’ training and their performance.
Thus, the researchers suggested that friendly interaction may potentially improve shelter dogs’ welfare (18) .
Another study published in 202 1 stated that dogs share many similarities with humans. Thus, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or similar behavior s may naturally occur in dogs as well (19) .
The researchers collected data on more than 11,000 dogs by conducting an extensive behavioral study.
They examined canine s’ hyperactivity , inattention, and impulsivity using questions based on a survey utilized in human ADHD research (20 ) .
The findings suggested that the same neurobiological pathways and brain regions regulate the activity, concentration, and impulsivity in humans and canines (21) .
Meanwhile, a randomized controlled trial in 2017 observed the effects of cannabinoids in adults with ADHD.
P articipants who used Sativex oromucosal spray, a cannabinoid medication, showed a minor reduction in ADHD symptoms with no cognitive impairments (22) .
The trial result may seem promising, considering the previous study about the similarities of human ADHD to canine attention deficit hyperactivity disorder .
However, it is worth noting that the trial’s outcome is not definitive. Therefore, further studies are needed to determine if cannabinoids , such as CBD and THC , can help with human and canine ADHD.
How Long Does CBD Take to Help Hyper Dogs ?
The easiest method to administer CBD to your dog is by adding CBD oil to its food or treats using a calibrated dropper to dispense the content (23) .
Cannabidiol ’s onset typically takes about 30 minutes, and your dog should feel its effects for about four to six hours (24) .
Note that the effect varies. It may also be dependent on your dog’s metabolism and body weight. Generally, large breeds may need larger doses of CBD for it to take effect (25) .
How Long Will CBD Help Hyper Dogs ?
Bioavailability is the portion of the ingested drug that can be absorbed into the bloodstream (26) .
The bioavailability of cannabidiol was reported to be low when administered orally to dogs and humans due to the high first-pass effect through the liver ( 27) .
However, oral CBD-infused oil formulation s resulted in higher maximal concentrations and systematic exposure than the oral microencapsulated oil beads and the CBD-infused transdermal (drug absorption via the skin) cream (28) .
Risk s and Side Effects of Using CBD on Hyper Dogs
Using CBD oil for dogs may have possible side effects , such as (29) :
- Lowered blood pressure
- Dry mouth
CBD Oil for Hyper Dogs: Dosage Guide
The Food and Drug Administration or FDA has not approved cannabidiol as a form of medication. Therefore, it has not issued a dosing chart for it.
Remember that any supplement or medication may have the risk of a reaction.
Hence, it is recommended to start with small amounts and closely monitor the effect of any substance on your dog. You should also consult your veterinarian each time you give your dog something new (30) .
Veterinarians are not allowed to prescribe CBD to pet owners. However, you can initiate a discussion about it (31) .
How to Choose the Best CBD Oil for Hyper Dogs
Note that each CBD product may contain different CBD or hemp extracts :
- Broad-spectrum CBD oil
- Full-spectrum CBD oil
- CBD isolates
When you search for the best CBD oil for dogs , always choose a broad-spectrum CBD oil that has extracts of the cannabis plant like terpenes .
Make sure to avoid full-spectrum oil that has trace amounts of THC . You may opt for 0.1 to 0.2mg of CBD per kilogram of your dog’s weight and administer CBD oil twice daily by mouth (32) .
Other Essential Tips
Most CBD brands promise high-quality CBD oil, while others even offer a 30-day money-back guarantee .
To help you select the best CBD pet product , below are the things you need to consider:
- Know the source of the CBD extract used in the product. Check if the hemp extract or hemp oil comes from non-GMO or organic hemp .
- Support CBD brands that are transparent with their farming practices. Visit their website to know if it includes information about their testing methods and CBD extraction process.
Most CBD companies utilize CO2 extraction. This method aims to eliminate toxic and explosive chemicals. Hence, it uses compressed carbon dioxide as an extraction solvent (33) .
- Ensure that your pet CBD products come with lab results from third-party labs and certificates of analysis ( CoAs ).
Remember that CBD pet products must be tested to determine their potency and the presence of contaminants, such as pesticides , heavy metals , and residual solvents .
- Assess the ingredients of the CBD pet products . This way, you will be aware of the possible allergens that may trigger adverse reactions.
Is your dog allergic to dairy? Is it gluten intolerant? If yes, you must avoid CBD dog treats containing these ingredients.
You should also consult your veterinarian regarding any added preservatives in the chews or treats. If possible, always go for natural ingredients .
Most CBD products may contain additives like carrier oils that contribute to CBD’s purported health benefits .
MCT oil and coconut oil are commonly used carrier oils (34) .
How Hyperactive Dogs Can Take CBD Oil
You may administer CBD oil to your hyperactive dog through the following (35) :
- Soft chews
- CBD-infused peanut butter
- CBD biscuits
- CBD capsules
These CBD treats have an average onset time of 30 to 90 minutes (36) . Other CBD products that are used in dogs are CBD oil and tinctures that can be taken topically or orally.
CBD Oil vs. Conventional Medications
Research showed that many dogs become hyperactive and perform increased oral and locomotory behaviors in response to acute stress (37) . Therefore, herbal medicines with calming effects may be beneficial for hyper dogs .
For example, chamomile has been used as a mild sedative to reduce anxiety, manage hysteria, and calm nerves (38) .
Meanwhile, the purported benefits of CBD on anxiety and stress have led many pet parents to use CBD to help with their dog’s anxiety (39) .
Some dog owners have reported success in administering CBD oil in managing their dog’s anxiety (40) .
Thus, cannabidiol may help with canine separation anxiety . However, there is no known study directly linking the effects of CBD on hyperactive dogs .
For this reason, it is advisable to speak with your veterinarian if you are considering CBD as an alternative method to manage your dog’s behavior.
However, note that veterinarians cannot prescribe CBD unless they are from Nevada (41) .
Legality of CBD
Many veterinarians may be hesitant to suggest cannabidiol to pet parents because of anecdotal evidence. Furthermore, they may be fearing possible legal repercussions (42) .
Before giving your pet CBD oil for hyperactivity , make sure to read individual state laws regarding cannabidiol use to avoid legal consequences.
Note that different states may impose various regulations about the usage of CBD products .
In 2021, Governor Steve Sisolak signed Assembly Bill 101, making Nevada the first state in the U.S. to allow cannabinoids as veterinary treatment.
In Nevada, veterinarians can give patients cannabis products if the THC level is less than 0.3% (43) .
For instance, in Colorado , marijuana products are regulated. However, it is still illegal to make and sell THC products that have been manufactured from hemp (44) .
Remember that when your dog ingests excessive levels of cannabis with THC , this occurrence may affect its muscle coordination and cause balancing problems (45) .
Thus, if you consider giving cannabis to your dog, go for THC-free products to be safe.
How can CBD help hyper dogs?
Research published in 2021 indicated certain dog behaviors that resemble human ADHD (46) .
Meanwhile, a study in humans suggested that cannabinoids may reduce ADHD symptoms without cognitive impairments (47) .
R esearchers stated that dogs have various similarities with humans and even used surveys initially utilized for human ADHD (48) . Thus, cannabinoids , such as CBD and THC , may be promising in hyper dogs .
What evidence or research exists to say that CBD helps hyper dogs?
There are no known studies that directly explore cannabidiol ’s purported effects in hyper dogs .
However, CBD’s calming effects may benefit hyperactive dogs (49) . When CBD, an exogenous plant-based molecule, interacts with your dog’s ECS, the compound makes the ECS work more effectively .
CB1 and CB2 receptors are found in the ECS. CB1 receptors help regulate mood and appetite ( 50) .
However , CBD’s calming effects may make your dog slightly drowsy (51) .
Is there any evidence that CBD can make hyper dogs worse?
Due to the limited number of studies on hyper dogs and CBD, more research is required to determine if cannabidiol can worsen dogs’ hyperactivity .
Will CBD interact with any current medications my dog may be taking for hyperactivity?
CBD may interact with other medications. Cannabidiol has the potential to affect the metabolism of other substances (52) .
Are there other treatments I should consider alongside CBD to help my hyper dog?
CBD’s calming effects may manage your dog’s hyperactivity (53) . Aside from CBD, you may also teach your dog practical skills and arrange daily exercise s to help it calm down (54) .
You may walk your pooch in the dog park and feed it with human-grade dog food after.
What is the dosage for hyper dogs?
Remember that the FDA in the USA does not regulate the production of CBD products . Therefore, there is no standard dosage of CBD for hyper dogs .
Veterinarians are not allowed to prescribe CBD to their patients (55) . However, if you are from Nevada, licensed veterinarians can administer CBD to your dog.
Nevadans can consult their veterinarians to know the right amount of CBD to help their dogs achieve overall wellness (56) . They may consider your dog’s weight in the process (57) .
How to give CBD oil to hyper dogs?
You may administer CBD oil topically or sublingually (under the tongue).
Note that CBD oil is different from hempseed oil . Although hempseed oil does not contain cannabinoids , it is rich in fatty acids and nutrients that may benefit your hyper dog (58) .
What are some benefits associated with CBD for hyper dogs?
CBD’s calming properties may be beneficial for hyper dogs (59) . Other therapeutic benefits of cannabidiol include its purported ability to help with joint pain (60) and anxiety (61) .
Dogs with anxiety may be sensitive to loud noises, such as thunderstorms and fireworks.
If you suspect that your dog has behavior problems, make sure to consult your veterinarian. They can accurately diagnose your dog and advise ways to improve its well-being .
Are there any side effects of CBD on hyper dogs?
Cannabidiol ’s side effects on dogs include lowered blood pressure, drowsiness, and dry mouth (62) .
Is CBD safe for hyper dogs?
CBD is relatively safe to use in dogs (63) .
Is CBD oil legal?
Regulations and statutes regarding cannabis use vary in every state. Thus, ensure to do your research before administering any CBD pet product to your dog.
If you are from Nevada, licensed veterinarians can use CBD for your dog, provided that the THC content is less than 0.3% (64) .
However, if you reside in South Dakota, possession of CBD oil products is deemed a violation of state law (65) .